The Project: Icebreaker Wind

Icebreaker Wind is a unique wind energy project - the first offshore wind facility in the Great Lakes, the first freshwater wind farm in North America, and only the second offshore wind project in the entire U.S. Very simply, it offers Ohio the opportunity to become a national leader in this nascent industry.

Founded in 2009, the Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation (LEEDCo) is a non-profit, public-private partnership, leading efforts to build a sustainable offshore wind energy industry in the Great Lakes. LEEDCo represents Northern Ohio's public interest in offshore wind through its mission to 1) create a scalable source of renewable energy in Lake Erie; 2) create jobs and economic prosperity in the region; and 3) help clean our air and water resources. The vision is a robust offshore wind industry by 2030 that will have significant impact on the economic and environmental state of the region.

The first step is the Icebreaker Wind Project, a 20.7 MW demonstration wind farm that will consist of six 3.45 MW turbines located 8 miles north of Cleveland, Ohio. Icebreaker Wind will be the first freshwater offshore wind farm in North America. Lake Erie is an ideal location for offshore wind, with ample available interconnect capacity, large load centers along the coast, growing energy demand due to existing plant retirements, a strong manufacturing base, and limited other sources of renewable energy.

The Project will use the innovative Mono Bucket (MB) as the turbine foundation, a technology that will reduce both costs and environmental impacts for the offshore wind industry. This game changing technology combines the benefits of a gravity base, a monopile, and a suction bucket. It is perfect for the Great Lakes geology, and avoids the pile driving needed to install traditional monopile and jacket foundations for offshore wind turbines.  Pile driving has been shown to produce noise that has been linked to adverse impacts on marine mammals in the Atlantic.

Project Status Highlights
Submerged Lands Lease for the project site was executed in 2014 by the State of Ohio
In May 2016, Icebreaker Wind won a $40 million grant from U.S. DOE for construction
Partnered with Fred. Olsen Renewables
Determination of No Hazard to Air Navigation by FAA in February 2017
Section 408 permit issued by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in September 2017
Ohio EPA issued Section 401 Water Quality Certification July 2018
NEPA process completed - Finding of No Significant Impact released October 2018
Section 404/Section 10 permit issued by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in March 2019
Awaiting Ohio Power Siting Board decision to approve permit in early 2020
Secured grid connection: completed the PJM interconnection queue process
Construction planned for summer 2022 and commercial operation by the end of 2022
Partnership with Fred. Olsen Renewables

LEEDCo attracted the attention and the investment of Fred. Olsen Renewables (FOR). Headquartered in Oslo, Norway, FOR develops wind energy projects with a portfolio of over 500 MW installed capacity in the UK and Scandinavia, and 2,200 MW under development. FOR formed a new company – Icebreaker Windpower, Inc. (IWP) – based in Cleveland, Ohio, for the purpose of developing, constructing, and operating Icebreaker Wind.

Project Site

Grid Connection

Icebreaker Wind will interconnect with the Cleveland Public Power transmission system at the Lake Road 138kV substation. The interconnection study process is complete; rights are secured to participate in the PJM market.

Project Contributors

The project team includes key organizations located in Northeast Ohio, the U.S., and Europe that bring experience and knowledge critical to working in Lake Erie and the State of Ohio.

Why Offshore Wind Power?

A Great Wind Resource. The offshore wind energy potential in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and in the Great Lakes hold enormous wind energy potential.  The Great Lakes hold enough energy potential to power the entire country. The winds of Lake Erie alone could meet over 10% of our electricity needs by 2030.

Winds blow stronger and more consistently over water than over land, and better match when energy demands are highest. In addition, offshore wind avoids many of the conflicts posed by land-based wind projects, including: visual impacts, noise, and shadow flicker.

Clean Air. Wind power is a clean, abundant and renewable energy source. Icebreaker will reduce air emissions linked to asthma, heart attacks and premature deaths in a region that is known for poor air quality. Wind also produces none of the greenhouse gas emissions causing climate change and the extreme weather events linked to climate change. Unlike nuclear power, wind produces no waste products or risks of tragic accidents.

Clean Water. Unlike coal fired power plants, wind power emits no mercury, which is poisoning our waterbodies and the fish and wildlife that depend on them. Wind power also needs no cooling water, so does not release heated water into our lakes and rivers.

Jobs & The Economy. The offshore wind industry has created nearly 100,000 jobs in Europe. We can build an industry and supply chain in Northeast Ohio that will create 8,000 new good paying jobs and pump nearly $14 Billion into our economy by 2030, with the potential for creating tens of thousands of jobs as the industry grows here. This region has a strong legacy of heavy manufacturing, fabrication, engineering, and maritime activities, all of which are needed to build an offshore wind industry from “soup to nuts.”

Icebreaker Wind alone will create over 500 jobs and $85 million in economic impact during construction and an additional economic impact of $168 million over the life of the project in Northeast Ohio.